Removal of cap with wisdom tooth

Most people face complications during wisdom tooth eruption. Most often this is due to a lack of space in the jaw for the last tooth. The most common complication is pericoronaritis – a mucous cap over the eighth tooth.

Pericoronitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane above the crown of a tooth that has not erupted or partially erupted. It occurs when food and microorganisms get under the gums. In this place, it is impossible to perform high-quality hygiene in DMDL dentistry, and due to the action of microbes, an acute inflammatory process occurs.

Pericoronaritis can be severe and purulent, the symptoms will depend on the type. At first there is swelling and swelling of the gums, pain in the corner of the jaw, unpleasant sensations when eating and talking. With further development of inflammation, serous pericoronaritis becomes purulent and acute symptoms appear. There is severe pain in the area of the causative tooth, which may radiate to the ear and throat. There is severe swelling in the oral cavity, unpleasant taste, inability to eat. General symptoms of the disease may occur – headache, weakness, increase in body temperature, increase in regional lymph nodes. If DMDL is not treated at the dentist, the inflammatory process will develop, and complications such as abscess, phlegmon and sepsis may occur.

The first treatment option is surgical intervention by the doctors at the DMDL clinic in Kristiansand, removal of the cap on the wisdom tooth or dissection of the mucosa over the tooth. In case of serous inflammation, excision of the cap is performed using a scalpel or surgical scissors. In the case of a purulent process, a DMDL specialist dissects the mucous cap and drains the exudate.

The operation is simple, performed under local anesthetic and lasts 10-15 minutes. Analgesia is carried out using highly effective painkillers and a pulse syringe. After the intervention, the wound is washed with antiseptic and antimicrobial solutions. With the help of cotton swabs, the bleeding is stopped. After the procedure to remove the cap, the doctor prescribes treatment at home.

The second treatment method is similar to the first, but excision of the cap is carried out using a laser. This procedure has several advantages over scalpel surgery. The laser beam performs a careful dissection of tissue with simultaneous coagulation of blood vessels, which prevents bleeding from the wound. The operation is safe, painless (under local anaesthetic), minimally invasive, bloodless and lasts only a few minutes.

It should be noted that with slow growth of the wisdom tooth, an operation with tissue excision may not be enough, and a repeated procedure is necessary.

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